While passing a kidney stone can be painful, the good news is that this does not usually cause any permanent damage. Diagnosis of kidney stones is useful in helping to understand symptoms and prevent complications. Kidney stones can also be the sign of other health conditions. Find out how kidney stones are detected and diagnosed. It is important to note that there are several types of kidney stones. Identifying the type is crucial to proper treatment.
Diagnosis of kidney stones. Getting the diagnosis of kidney stones is often the hardest part of managing this condition. Once you and your doctor realize that you have symptoms or otherwise suspect kidney stones might be troubling you, a proper medical diagnosis will be made. The tests and procedures vary, states the Mayo Clinic.
Urinalysis. Your doctor or lab will need a clean catch sample of your urine. The proper procedure is crucial in order to obtain accurate results. The urine sample will be examined right away for several factors, such as kidney-stone-forming minerals and lack of stone-inhibiting substances. Urine is also sent away to a lab for culture, where a portion of the urine sample is allowed to rest for a day or more. This time allows any bacteria or viruses to accumulate and be detectable.
Blood work. You may need to have a blood sample taken for additional diagnosis. Other medical conditions may be present, and the blood work will also aid in the monitoring of your kidney’s health.
Imaging. CT (computerized tomography) scans or X-rays allow your doctor to pinpoint the presence of any abdominal malformations, obstructions or growths and will also visualize the kidney stones themselves if they are present.